Pakistan, a country in South Asia, is home to a young and vibrant population. With a median age of just 22 years, the country’s youth are its most valuable asset. However, in recent years, there has been a growing trend of young people leaving Pakistan to seek better opportunities and a higher quality of life in other countries. This phenomenon has sparked concern among policymakers and has led to a debate on the underlying causes of this trend. In this article, we will explore some of the reasons why young people in Pakistan are increasingly choosing to move abroad.
One of the primary reasons why young people in Pakistan are leaving the country is the lack of economic opportunities. Despite having a large and growing population, Pakistan’s economy has struggled to create enough jobs to absorb the influx of new workers. The country’s unemployment rate is currently around 4%, but this figure does not capture the true extent of underemployment and informal work. Many young people in Pakistan feel that their career prospects are limited and that they are unable to earn a decent living in their home country. This is especially true for those who have acquired advanced degrees or specialized skills but are unable to find jobs that match their qualifications.
Another factor that is driving young people out of Pakistan is the political instability and insecurity in the country. Pakistan has long been plagued by sectarian violence, terrorism, and political unrest. These issues have made it difficult for young people to feel safe and secure in their daily lives. The country has also struggled with issues of corruption and governance, which have eroded public trust in institutions and made it difficult for young people to envision a future in which they can thrive.
Economic constraints drive a significant number of young Pakistanis abroad, fueled by limited job opportunities despite a burgeoning population.
Education is another factor that is driving young people out of Pakistan. While the country has made significant strides in expanding access to education in recent years, the quality of education remains poor. Many young people feel that they are not receiving a world-class education that will prepare them for the global job market. This has led to a brain drain, with many of Pakistan’s brightest and most talented young people choosing to pursue higher education abroad.
Social and cultural factors are also playing a role in the decision of young people to leave Pakistan. Pakistan is a conservative society with strict social norms and expectations. Young people who are looking to break free from these norms and pursue a more liberal lifestyle may feel that they are unable to do so in their home country. This is especially true for young women, who may face discrimination and harassment if they try to assert their independence and pursue their own goals.
Finally, many young people in Pakistan are leaving the country because they feel that the grass is greener on the other side. They see the success stories of other young people who have moved abroad and are living the dream, and they want to be a part of that success. They feel that they can achieve more and live a better life in a country that offers them more opportunities and a better quality of life.
Political instability and insecurity, marked by violence and governance issues, create an environment where young people struggle to feel secure in their daily lives.
In conclusion, there are several reasons why young people in Pakistan are choosing to move abroad. The lack of economic opportunities, political instability, poor quality of education, strict social norms, and the allure of a better life are all factors that are contributing to this trend. While it is understandable that young people want to seek out new opportunities and experiences, it is also important to recognize that the loss of talent and skills can have a significant impact on a country’s development. Pakistan’s policymakers should work to address the underlying causes of this trend and create an environment that fosters growth, opportunity, and innovation. By doing so, they can ensure that the country’s young people are able to build successful and fulfilling lives in their home country rather than seeking greener pastures abroad.